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miércoles, 30 de abril de 2008

how to use fruity samplers settings? como usar los sampler de fl studio


Using the Fruity Samplers settings

This tutorial is gonna be on how you can turn an average bass sample into something that's actually usable in your productions. I am actually tilting the tables a bit to the more DnB side of things but don't worry cos you can learn a lot from this for any style you do anyway.

All the files you need for this are here in a zip, and also I will post the links to individual files as we go along.

Start by listening to this bass sample I picked up from the internet somewhere. Click here to download Bass-Original.zip containing the sample in .wav format.

Sounds pretty neat eh? But is it usable is the question. The answer is usually always no, not without a bit of fiddling and FX and whatever else.

1, OK, open FLStudio. File > New and delete any channels that are there. Go to Options > Project General Settings.

, Change the time signature to 8 bars (to give us a bit more room and that.)

3, OK, now that that's done. Click on the Sampler channel to bring up the channel settings and load in Bass-Original.wav, the bass sample.

4, Click on the INS tab in the channel settings window.

The tabs at the bottom are for the different types of envelopes we can apply to the sample. Click the 'Vol' one (volume envelope).

, OK, now before we start fiddling around with those little things, we'd better get some kind of a bass line going. So click piano roll in your shortcut bar to take you to the piano roll funnily enough :)

Select File > Open Score and open this score file (Simple.fsc) into it. Its just a simple example rhythm.

6, OK so now we have a rhythm to play while we're fiddling with the knobs, great.

7, OK, (...takes big drag of spliff...) so now we want to try and shape the sound the way we want it. There are 6 knobs we will need to know about.

DEL - This knob controls the delay of how long it should wait until kicking in the envelope.(Notice the nice graph we have as a visual aid).

ATT - This is the attack knob. It controls how much of a time you want for the sound to start and to reach its full level.

HOLD - Once the sound has reached its full level how long do you want to hold it there for until the decay kicks in.

DEC - This is the decay knob. Once the sound has reached its hold level, how long do you want it to take to decrease in volume until reaching zero.

SUS - How much do you want to sustain the sound once in the decay stage.

REL - After the note has stopped how long do you wish to continue for. This is the release of the envelope.

Now, this is what I set to get a nice attack and sudden decay with no release or sustain. Let's try this.

8, OK, play the sound. Seems OK. But we need some FX to spice it up!

Lets route the sample to FX slot 2. click and drag the upper right LED to 2.

, Press the FX shortcut button or hit F9 to get us to the mixer. We should be at FX2 by default, if not just click on it to see it.

Now we want to add an FX on here in FX2 so press the little arrow from the left of the window > select and insert the TK3 Band distortion plug-in which you can download from here (TK-3BandDisto.zip). If you don't know how to install VSTs check the tutorial back on the main tutorial page.

OK so now we've got a nice distortion on the sound. Let's fix up the values a bit to get a better, rougher sound.We have 3 vertical panels that effect the 3 ranges of our frequencies - Low, Mid and High (Low being the bass end of things and Mid / High being the harmonics.).

Change yours to this: (or grab the preset (TK3.fst))...

0, OK so now we've got a real ruff sound. Now I think we should EQ it to boost or take away certain frequencies of the sound. Add a Fruity Parametric EQ.

Now change your settings to this:

This is to cut off frequencies at the 500 range and to boost a little bit at 250. This is just what I came up with when listening to the loop to hear my tweaks in real time.

11, OK, great. However I think we should add a filter for the sound to pass through. So after the EQadd a Fruity Free Filter. Now I think we should add a High pass filter to cut off the frequencies at the level we set. Now 10Hz will only filter out the really low frequencies, however I use this so as when using automation we can really get that great techstep feeling. Try it out. Press Play and turn the Freq knob. If used right it can make great effects.

12, OK lets add a compressor now to keep the sound at the levels we want. Check out our compression tutorial from more on this. Let's try this preset.

OK great. Now let's put a compressor on the master channel just to give us a real feeling of how it should sound when its in a proper tune and also for when we add the second bass to keep things controlled.

And let's press play. Yeah, I think that's sounding good. But its still in need of some work...

3, Now I think the sounds need a little more bit more work on the envelope side of things. Lets make the cut-off work a bit more interesting by applying a cut-off envelope.

Select the CUT button in our channel settings window (in the INS tab). OK, so now let's apply an envelope.

Try this. By applying almost 50% of a difference (the AMT knob) we should get a great sound off the filter. Press play. Yeah, I think that's pretty good. But we need some Reverb to make it sound a bit more alive. Lets go to our Send1 (towards to right) channel in our FX window (F9).Insert a Fruity Reverb on the first slot and set these settings for a nice and active reverb.

Good stuff. Now go back to our FX channel 2 and put about less than half way on the Send1 knob.

Press play, sounds nasty alright ;) Now we add a sub bass to layer on top to give a fuller sound and its good for when we working with the Free Filter of the first bass to keep the sub going independently.

14, OK, add a new channel (Channels > Add One > Sampler). And load in this Sine wave. (Sine.zip). Now do the same with this as you done before loading in the score into the piano roll so we have both channels playing the same notes.

Note the volume knobs on the channels (First from left is the pan, and next to it is the volume knob).

, Now you can shape the volume envelope for the Sine wave to make it fit in place.Remember to change its FX channel to number cos we want to add a compressor on that channel.

16, Go to the mixer (keyb-F9) and select the FX channel you picked, (I choose 8).and add a compressor with the following preset.(SineComp.fst). This will smooth the sound down the sharp peaks in the sound and make the quieter sounds come out more.

17, And now press play! I think we're finished. Feel free to experiment. Try adding a fruity free filter to the sub bass channel or perhaps a bit of flange and reverb first! Now bring up the Free Filter from the first bass and experiment with a beat in the background. Here's a short example mp3

And that's one way you can use the sampler settings to make a good bass :)

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