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lunes, 12 de mayo de 2008

FL Studio Tutorial: The Basics Part II - Playlist and Mixer

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The following tutorial will introduce the Playlist and the Mixer

Playlist

Before you use the playlist, you should know how to store multiple patterns. At the top of the program next to the tempo, you should see a box with “Pat” under it (image below). It should say 1 right now - you can click this and move your mouse above it and it will go to the next patterns. You can make as many was you want. You can also select different patterns in the playlist, simply by clicking “Pattern 1″…”Pattern 2″… Etc.

To bring up the playlist, click the button highlighted in purple:

Use this image to find everything in the explanation below:


Make sure you have the paintbrush tool (red) selected in the playlist window, and just click to the right of where each pattern is listed (yellow), again left click to add, right click to erase. You can put the patterns on top of each other to make them play at the same time. Go ahead and try this with a few different patterns. To hear the patterns as they are arranged in the playlist, make sure you check “Song” at the very top, to the left of the play button, otherwise only the selected pattern will play.

You can zoom with the zoom tool, or use the little boxes at the top right (blue)

The area in the top (green) is where you will see clips if you decide to add any. You can literally drag a clip from a folder in your computer to the box up there and it will be inputted in the playlist.

You can also adjust the snap settings with the snap tool (light blue)- basically it changes the way you drag the patterns around.

The item highlighted in pink is the slicing tool, this is useful when you are cutting samples within the playlist.

This is essentailly everything you need to know about the playlist. It is straightforward.

Mixer

The mixer is very important in production. This is where you’re gonna get all your levels right, apply reverb, compression, etc. To bring up the mixer hit the button highlighted in red:

To link various samples from your Channel Window to specific inserts or channels in your Mixer, all you need to do is:

  • Click on the sample you wish to link
  • Go to the mixer and right click the insert you wish to link the sample to
  • Go down to “Link selected channels”, and click “to this track

You could also just hit Ctrl+L once you have clicked on the insert you wish to link the sample to

On a side note, when you first load up FL, if there are already samples in the Channel Mixer (There might already be a kick, clap, hat, and snare loaded) they will already be linked to inserts 1, 2, 3, and 4. You can delete them or just put your sample where they are and they will automatically be linked to the insert.



Panning and Volume Control

Highlighted in pink. The green button at the top mutes the channel if off. The knob controls panning and the bar controls volume.

Effects and Plug Ins

If you want to use an effect or plug in on a certain insert, you go to the section highlighted in yellow. There are a lot of useful effects and plug ins you can use here, some of my favorites are Edison, Fruity Compressor, and Fruity Reverb.

  • Adding new plugins

    If you want to add more plugins just click the arrow on the very left, then click “More…”. Then you can select from all the plugins available. If you recently installed a new plugin, hit refresh, then fast scan. The new plugin should show up in your list in red. Check and then you will be able to use it.

Linking an insert to another insert

You can link insert together by using the button highlighted in blue. For example, if you want to link insert 3 to insert 4, you would click on insert 3, then hit the button (highlighted in blue in the image) for insert 4.

EQ

The EQ is each insert is located on the bottom right, highlighted in yellow. Here are a few guidelines, however there will be an indepth EQ lesson later.

  • The left side consists of low end frequencies (more bass), and the right side consists of high end frequencies (more treble), and the middle sections consists of mids
  • You can “boost” different frequencies by moving the line up at certain points.

You can mess around with this a bit right now just to sort of understand its workings — however if you want to learn more you can read the advanced EQ lesson coming later.

Thats about it for the basics of the playlist and the mixer. Please send me any questions or comments, and I will get back to you. You should now have a basic understanding of how the program works.

 
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