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miércoles, 7 de mayo de 2008

SynthFont Get Started free tutorials


The first thing to do before loading a midi file is to select the default SoundFont. Go to the Files... menu to find this function. The default SoundFont is used whenever an "unknown" midi file is loaded for which there is no SoundFont information available. (Note, that if there exists a SF file having the same base name as the midi file in the path, then that will be used and assigned to all channels instead of the default SF.) The default SF should preferably be a GM (General Midi) SF, i.e. a SF with programs/presets for all 128 instruments defined by the GM standard.

Load your midi file by pressing the Open... button in the toolbar. Check that all tracks have SoundFonts attached and Presets assigned. IF the file you load makes use of the default SoundFont and the Preset for a particular channel is not found, then the Presets Dialog will be displayed. This shows a list of all available Presets in the SoundFont. If you don't want to have this dialog displayed when you load a midi file, check the checkbox at the bottom of the dialog.

Press the Play button in the toolbar and listen. In order to hear anything you need to have the '..To Spkrs' button in the toolbar checked/down.

Now you may want to try different SFs. You can assign one single SF to all midi channels or to any one particular channel. As there are at most 16 midi channels you can have at most 16 SFs assigned at the same time. Note, that there may be any number of TRACKS in the midi file. Tracks are not the same a midi channels. Normally each track has its own midi channel, but that is no rule. SynthFont display the data in tracks and channels. If the number of tracks is less than the number of channels, new tracks are created.

To change the SF for a channel do this: select a track for this channel. Press the button above the 'SF2 File [F3]' button, or press function key F3. A standard Windows Open File dialog box will pop up. Select the file you want and press OK. Note that you can select among three different types of files: a normal SoundFont (*.sf2), a compressed SoundFont (*.sfArk), or an audio file (*.wav)

To change the Program (Preset) for a channel do this: select a track for this channel. Press the button above the 'SF2 Prog [F4]' button, or press function key F4. A dialog box with a list will pop up. Select the preset from the list and press OK. Note that if the channel's SF is not a GM SF, there may be no preset in the list that suits the default definition in the midi channel data. The midi specs define the preset for a channel with two numbers - bank and program - that are combined (i.e. 000:016 for program # 16 in bank zero). If the SF does not have this particular combination defined you can pick any other from the list. SynthFont will always use the one you pick.

Finally you may want to save the changes you have made. Changes are NOT saved in the midi file but in a separate arrangement file (*.sfarr). Press the 'Save Arr' button in the toolbar to save the file. SynthFont uses an arrangement file having the same base name as the midi file for storing SF information, channel presets, track effects info, VST effects info and much more. If you want to restore the initial state then all you have to do is delete this file. You can do so using the function 'Erase arrangement' from the drop down menu attached to the 'Open...' button. Also note that this drop down menu lists all arrangement files found in the SynthFont program folder. Just select one to open it, and the corresponding midi file will be opened also.

Also, have a look at the first, second and third part of Ian Bennett's tutorials.

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